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Therapeutic_exercise_2

What is therapeutic exercise

Therapeutic exercise is the bodily movement prescribed to correct an impairment, improve musculoskeletal function, or maintain a state of well-being.It may vary from highly selected activities restricted to specific muscles or parts of the body, to general and vigorous activities that can return a convalescing patient to the peak of physical condition.
Therapeutic exercise seeks to accomplish the following goals:

  • Enable ambulation
  • Release contracted muscles, tendons, and fascia
  • Mobilize joints
  • Improve circulation
  • Improve respiratory capacity
  • Improve coordination
  • Reduce rigidity
  • Improve balance
  • Promote relaxation
  • Improve muscle strength and, if possible, achieve and maintain maximal voluntary contractile force (MVC)
  • Improve exercise performance and functional capacity (endurance)

Types of therapeutic exercises

Therapeutic exercises aimed at achieving and maintaining physical fitness fall into the following major categories:

  • Endurance training
  • Resistance training
  • Flexibility training
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